The association of congenital cataract and microcornea without any other systemic anomaly or dysmorphism. Clinical findings include a corneal diameter inferior to 10 mm in both meridians in an otherwise normal eye, and an inherited cataract, which is most often bilateral posterior polar with opacification in the lens periphery. The cataract progresses to form a total cataract after visual maturity has been achieved, requiring cataract extraction in the first to third decade of life. The syndrome can be associated with other rare ocular manifestations, including myopia, iris coloboma, sclerocornea and Peters anomaly. Transmission is in most cases autosomal dominant, but cases of autosomal recessive transmission have recently been described. There is marked genetic heterogeneity. Mutations have been described in several crystallin genes (CRYAA, CRYBB1, CRYGD), and in the gap junction protein alpha 8 gene (GJA8).